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Unit IV Review Sheet
Human Anatomy and Physiology

This is not designed to replace  your class notes and/or chapter outlines!!
although it will certainly help

This is a good review site for this Unit: PATTS anatomy page

Digestive system:
Anatomy of the system - know an example organ and its function
Alimentary vs. accessory
How food moves through the system - peristalsis
Enzymes
How are we like a donut?
an example disease and how it works to affect the body

Circulatory System:
Basic parts of closed circ sys - pump, vessels, transport medium (blood)
Anatomy (chambers and musculature) and flow of blood through the heart
definitions and characteristics of the blood vessels
            Veins, arteries, capillaries
the four components of blood - characteristics and functions
Lymph ->plasma->Intercellular fluid
Hemoglobin
cell recognition and the immune response
       antibodies
        basics of white blood cells
        immunity
        vaccinations/immunizations - how do they work?
        1st, 2nd and 3rd lines of defense
AIDS
an example disease and how it works to affect the body

Respiratory system:
Anatomy of the system - path of air in and out of the system
Asthma
characteristics and examples of respiratory surfaces
what gases are exchanged and how
difference between "breathing" and "cellular respiration."
        how the two terms are connected
function of cilia and mucus
inhalation and exhalation - muscles involved
an example disease and how it works to affect the body

Excretory system:
Liver - why does blood from the small intestine flow through the liver before going anywhere else?
        Detoxification, deamination of amino acids (urea, amino acids etc.)
Skin à sweat (dilute urine) and heat
Lungs à CO2, H2O and heat
Urinary system
Kidneys and urinary bladder  à urine à contents (water, urea, salt, excess vitamins, nutrients, proteins, etc.)
Nephrons
an example disease and how it works to affect the body

Nervous system:
Get the nervous regulation class handout here

Get Nervous Regulation Vocab Sheet here

Stimulus and response
neurotransmitters and the synapse
Nerve cells
Recognize diagram of motor neuron
        direction of impulse flow
nerve impulses
Reflex arcs
Major parts of the brain and basic function of each:
Cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, corpus callosum
an example disease and how it works to affect the body

Endocrine system:

Compare and contrast nervous and endocrine regulation
Importance to maintaining homeostasis
Hormones in general
Feedback loops Click here for the overhead
liver-pancreas, glucogon-insulin, glycogen-glucose.
Pituitary gland
Insulin, pancreas, glucose regulation and diabetes Click here for the overhead